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 Automatic translation  Automatic translation Category: matter and particles
Updated December 30, 2021

Image: In quantum theory, the possible energy levels are discrete, which means you can count them one by one. Each horizontal black line represents an energy level. The higher the line, the higher the energy. The red circles represent the electrons that fill all the levels of the Dirac Sea.


Image: the positron or the antiparticle of the electron.
The red circle represents the hole left in the infinite sea of Dirac by the electron going into the real world of positive energies.
A hole in a vacuum represents the absence of a state of negative energy and negative charge when an electron of positive energy and positive charge appears in the real world of positive energies.
A negative energy state is empty and a positive energy state is filled. A hole is perceived as a positron of positive energy.

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