It corresponds to the representation of the quantum state of a system in an infinite-dimensional basis.

The wave function gives every particle, typical interference properties of a wave.

In classical mechanics we represent the movement by particles which move in space, in quantum mechanics we represent the real and imaginary particles by wavefunctions.

These wave functions corresponding to stationary or non-stationary states (time-dependent) of energy.

Subatomic particles constituting a hadron are called partons.

Quarks or antiquarks present in the hadron are called valence quarks while the quark-antiquark pairs and gluons that appear and disappear permanently in the hadron, are called virtual particles.

Gluons are the vectors of the strong force that holds quarks together.

The photon is the particle mediator the electromagnetic interaction.

The gluon is the messenger of the strong nuclear force, it confines quarks binding together very strongly.

Bosons Z 0 and W ± are the gauge bosons of the weak interaction.

The two categories of the nature of the particles are fermions and bosons.

Partons are quarks, antiquarks and gluons that make up hadrons.

Quarks present in the hadron throughout its existence are called valence quarks, the opposite of virtual particles (quark-antiquark pairs and gluons) that appear and disappear permanently in the hadron. Gluons are the vectors of the strong force that holds quarks together.

A hadron is a compound of partons, subatomic particles governed by the strong interaction.

All matter that makes up the objects around us are made of fermions. Fermions are asocial particles, in other words they refuse to reduce their living space, this is why the matter is not compressible and that we can walk on the floor.

The two categories of nature particles are fermions and bosons.

Hilbert space generalizes the notion of classical Euclidean space (two-dimensional plane and three-dimensional space) to spaces of any dimension, finite or infinite.

The Hilbert space is an abstract mathematical concept which allows to apply the techniques of mathematical analysis to all spaces. These techniques are used in theories of equations partial derivative, in quantum mechanics, Fourier analysis, thermodynamics.

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