The Kamchatka peninsula is a volcanic 1 250 km long and 450 km wide, located in the east of Russia. It juts into the Pacific Ocean and has about 330 000 inhabitants. This peninsula is filled with volcanoes, part of which is inscribed on the World Heritage List of UNESCO since 1996. Kamchatka is surrounded by the Sea of Okhotsk to the west, the Bering Sea and Pacific Ocean to the east. The peninsula has a high seismic activity, it is located on a subduction zone between the Pacific Plate and the Eurasian plate. His two volcanic mountain ranges are part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where we find the greatest concentration of active volcanoes. The 1952 earthquake reached a magnitude of 9. Nearby there are the trench of the Kuril Islands, the third deepest pit of the world, it reached a depth of 10,542 meters. The great peninsula of Kamchatka is a land of young Geologically, the peninsula has advanced to the ocean there are about a million years. Volcanoes of Kamchatka preserved their continued growth and constant seismic activity makes this region attractive because in this beautiful place, there is always an erupting volcano. Kamchatka, exceptional land, fire and ice, offers a fascinating, not only erupting volcanoes, geysers, but also from hot springs, lakes, wild rivers and spectacular coastline.
Video: Volcanoes of Kamchatka.
Kamchatka, exceptional land
A volcano definition of volcanism, given by an American geologist «This is all the physico-chemical phenomena accompanying the rise of magma.» is composed of three parts: - A reservoir of magma at depth, - One or more stacks that communicate with the tank, - The dome, produced by lava flows or the buildup of explosion. Volcanic eruptions give birth to popular beliefs mingled fears, superstitions and fantastic legends. Although some eruptions can be catastrophic to the point of disappearing civilizations, they are a sign of a living planet. The stratovolcano Klioutchevskoï (image opposite) rises to 4835 meters, the most active of the Kamchatka Peninsula, but the top most remarkable is the Kronotsky volcano (right), whose perfect cone, in fact one of the most beautiful volcanoes in the world.