Charles Darwin 1809-1882
|Automatic translation||Updated June 01, 2013|
Charles Darwin was an English naturalist born in Shrewsbury, in Shropshire (England), February 12, 1809. He is the son of a doctor and financially prosperous, Robert Darwin (1766-1848) and grand-son of the famous naturalist and poet Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802). Darwin's interest in natural history came to him while he was studying medicine at Edinburgh University, then theology at Cambridge.
His theory is simply summarized in the introduction to his book "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection." "As it comes a lot more individuals of each species than can survive, and that, therefore, there is often a struggle for life, it follows that any being, if it varies even slightly, in a way that is beneficial in terms of complex variables and sometimes life has a better chance to survive and so will end up choosing a natural way. Due to the dominant principle of inheritance, any selected variety will tend to and multiply in its new and modified." Life was going on when a creator.
Image: Charles Darwin was a passionate worker and foremost a true scientist. He was able to wait patiently to state and illustrate, in a world frozen by the dogmas of the Church's own history of life.
Between Darwin and Lamarck
The notion of evolution of species was proposed by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1809.
These theories were taken independently, some fifty years later by the British Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. Darwin, during a scientific expedition in South America and the Galapagos Islands, had noticed that some species of the continent and islands were very similar to each other.
NB: Jean Baptiste de Lamarck, 1809, publishing philosophy zoologist, he proposed transmutation. It argues for the transmission of acquired characteristics from one generation to another.
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