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Galaxy NGC 1275

Galaxy NGC 1275

 Automatic translation  Automatic translation Updated June 01, 2013

Galaxy NGC 1275 is a behemoth, also known as Perseus A or Caldwell 24. It is a type of Seyfert galaxies, located about 237 million light-years away in the direction of the constellation Perseus, near the center of the Perseus cluster of galaxies. The galaxy NGC 1275 is the radio galaxy Perseus A. In fact, a set of two galaxies, the central galaxy of the Perseus cluster, and the HVS "a system of high speed" which is opposite her. The HVS system which moves at 3000 km/s toward Perseus A, certainly merge with the cluster. The central cluster of galaxies contains an extensive network of filaments Spectrals generated by the active galactic nucleus. These long filaments glowing of several million degrees, consisting of gas, extend well beyond the galaxy. They emit X-rays across the cluster. The amount of gas contained in a filament is about one million times the mass of our Sun. These filaments of 200 light-years wide, extending to 20 000 light-years. The existence of the filaments is a problem. Why are they much colder than the surrounding intergalactic cloud?
Why did they not warmed, and then collapsed to form young stars? Still, they offer us a great cosmic image here.


The apparent magnitude of the cluster is 12.6.
The image combines multiple wavelengths to allow us to see this unique clusters in the visible radiation.
The optical radiation, radio and X, were combined to enable us to see in one image, the details of the structure. It shows us here, the violent events taking place in the heart of the galaxy.
NGC 1275 is an active galaxy known for its radio source (Perseus A) and is also an intense X-ray emitter, due to the presence of supermassive black hole at its center. Data from the Advanced Camera for Surveys, Hubble, cover visible light, shown here in red, green and blue. The data radio Very Large Array (NRA) reveal the dust lanes.
The star-forming regions, hydrogen filaments, foreground stars and background galaxies are optical data from Hubble.
The blue lobes toward the center of the galaxy are radio broadcasts.
The jets fill the black hole X-ray, the central cavity of the galaxy.
The data of X-rays are captured by the Chandra telescope (from 0.1771 to 4.133 nm).

 galaxy NGC 1275

Image: Hubble Space Telescope 1.73′ view of NGC 1275. Hubble images of high resolution ESA.

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