Moons of Neptune
Satellites of Neptune
|Updated June 01, 2013
Before the flying over Neptune by the American probe Voyager-2, in 1989, only two satellites, Triton and Nereid, were known. Since thanks to this flying unless 5000 km of distance to Travel 2, Neptune is much better known. It is surrounded with a thick atmosphere on base of hydrogen, with helium and with methane. The absorption of the red radiations, by the methane is responsible, some blue tint of the planet. As we presumed it since observations made from the Earth in 1984 and 1985, Neptune is surrounded with a system of rings formed by rocks and by dusts. Five different rings were identified, among which very diffuse two, at distances included between 42900 and 62900 km of the planet.
The most outside contain three regions of stronger density which correspond to bows observed since the Earth. In 1989, the images taken by Voyager-2 revealed new satellites which form a regular system turning on circular and little tilted orbits. The probe also showed that the planet was surrounded with a complete system of fine rings crimped by brilliant bows. In 2003 the number of satellites of Neptune was 13.
Triton is seventh and bigger of the satellites of Neptune. It carries the name of the god of the Greek mythology. Its orbit is reactionary that is that its sense of rotation is set against that of the rotation of Neptune, it supposes that Triton is an outside body which was captured. The moons which have a reactionary orbit cannot have been formed in the same region of the primitive solar nebula as the planets all around of which they turn: they are thus the captured moons. This scenario because of the mass of Triton, is exceptional in the solar system, the known cases have much smaller sizes.
Image: photography taker in 1989 by the probe Voyager 2.
Proteus of irregular shape, is the second biggest moon of Neptune. Protée is an object very dark, looking like the soot, he reflects only 10 % of the light which strikes it. It was discovered on May 24th, 1981 by Harold J. Reitsema, William B. Hubbard, Larry A. Lebofsky and David J. Tholen during an eclipse of star.
Image: photography taken in august 25th 1989 by the probe Voyager 2.
Larissa of irregular shape, is the fifth moon of Neptune. It was discovered by Harold J. Reitsema, William B. Hubbard, Larry A. Lebofsky and David J. Tholen during an eclipse of star by Neptune May 24th, 1981. Its existence was confirmed by Stephen p. Synnott during the passage of the Voyager probe 2 near Neptune in 1989. The orbit of Larissa, close to the planet, is unstable and declines towards Neptune.
Image: photography taken in august 24th 1989 by the probe Voyager 2.
Galatea of irregular shape, is the fourth moon of Neptune. It was discovered during the passage of the Voyager probe 2 in 1989.
Image: photography taken in 1989 by Voyager 2.